The Egyptian Pyramids: An Analysis of A Great Mystery

Egyptian Pyramids book cover
Egyptian Pyramids illustration
colored rendition of above

Published in January 1880, The Egyptian Pyramids: An Analysis of A Great Mystery by Everett W. Fish, M.D. might well be the first scientific book ever written on archaeoastronomy, before the discipline was named a century later.
 
Publisher C. H. Jones & Company of Chicago did not include any copyright notice. Thus, we've chosen to reproduce sections on chronology, astronomy, geometry and the measurements of length, weight and time for the benefit of all.
 
In his preface, Dr. Fish offers these personal remarks about doing real science while remaining faithful to his religious beliefs:

Since this work was undertaken, with the view of presenting a purely scientific essay on the Pyramids, its plan has been materially changed. The range of study, necessary to develop the scientific features, has in-woven many religious coincidences, complicating the mystery of their origin, which it would be folly to cast aside.
It is not a proposition to be sneered at by the most inveterate theomachist, that the design, origin, and destiny of the Great Pyramid are theistic, although reasonably subject to negative criticism. Nor, though fashionable with most modern writers of materialistic views, does it comport with good sense and justice, to underrate coincidences, which, as evidences, are opposed to our own views. But they should rather be weighed, value for value, with physical testimony; for the day has not yet come when we can either dogmatically negate the direct government of a spiritual essense, or demolish with rare mepris the intellectual giants, whose minds, (as broad and untrammeled as our own), have found "reason" in a divinity, and "common sense" in a revelation.
When the bases fall from the physical deductions of Kepler, Bacon, Newton, Napier, and an array of minds breaking from the shackles of past schools of thought to inaugurate new systems, but still beholding a God in the universe, then we may conclude that our views of theism and cosmogony are alone up to the level of philosophy and consign them to neglect.
Prof. Piazzi Smyth may be too sanguine and over-positive in the application of Siriadic symbolisms; but the Scotchman's ken for theosophic mystery is a better guide to truth than the flippant pen of Jas. Boswick, F.R.G.S. (London), in whose work there is a radical excision of such interpretations. However difficult of belief, a justly balanced mind will decide --- not upon the capacity of the popular will for unbelief --- but upon the intrinsic value of the evidence, in minds in which there is not a highly developed antagonism. Thus we ask the reader, even the most inveterate iconoclast, to read and study --- under the influence of the broad principles of Baconian Philosophy.
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Everett W. Fish may have been born in 1845 in Michigan. The 1860 Federal Census shows a young man by that name residing in St. Clair, Michigan. He attended the Department of Medicine and Surgery at the University of Michigan in 1865-66 and again in 1869-70. In 1871-72 Dr. Fish was a professor of Botany at the Central Michigan Homeopathic Medical College in Lansing. In 1873 while serving as a professor of Chemistry at Pulte Medical College in Cincinnati, Ohio, Dr. Fish self-published a 48 page manual, A Tabular Compend of Practical Analytic Chemistry for the use of Students and Amateurs. In 1875 he was among the contributors of essays and short articles for the anthology, The Traveller's Grab Bag. Dr. Fish lived at 22 Ogden Avenue in Chicago when The Egyptian Pyramids was published. In 1890 he was editor of the weekly Great West newspaper in Aberdeen, SD. He moved to Penn Yan in the heart of the Finger Lakes in western New York in 1896. While returning from church on March 25, 1912, Dr. Fish died suddenly at the Pittsford train station near Rochester, NY.